Home - Tirupati Tirumala Balaji Temple Tour

Tirupati Tirumala Balaji Temple Tour

History

The popular belief is that the sacred temple exists from ancient period. There is mention of Sri Venkateswara in most of the ancient texts. All the great dynasties of southern India have habitually paid obeisance at the temple and contributed much for beautification of the temple. It includes the Pallavas of Kancheepuram, Cholas of Thanjavur, Pandyas of Madurai and the chieftains of Vijayanagar. The Vijayanagar rulers had a few more statues installed in the temple.

The Deity

Lord Venkateshwara, the deity at the temple is prominently mentioned in several Puranas. According to the Varaha Purana, Lord Vishnu in the form of Venkateshwara came to reside on the southern bank of the Swami Pushkarini.

Architecture

The main gate or Padi Kavali Maha Dwara has a quadrangular base. There are figures of Hanuman, Kevale Narasimha and Lakshmi Narasimha on the Dwara. The main temple has three prakarams or the path for circumnavigating the temple. There are many mandapams in the prakarama area. The Ranga mandapam built according to Vijayanagar style of architecture is the most beautiful. Adjoining it is Dhvajasthambha Mandapam which is a spacious complex of pavilions. Tirumala Raya Mandapam has a complex set of pillars. It is interesting to note that the central pillar is surrounded by many pillars of smaller sizes. When the smaller pillars are hit with stones, musical sounds are emitted. The Aina Mahal is to the north of Tirumala Raya Mandapam. There is a special seat or unjan where the Lord is seated before conducting worship services.

 

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